Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Associated Antigen-4 Human Recombinant produced in insect cells is a homodimeric, glycosylated, polypeptide chain containing a total molecular mass of 80 kDa. Each subunit (40kDa) is fused to a polypeptide linker to the Fc portion of Human IgG1. CTLA4 is expressed in low copy number by T-cells only after activation, but it binds CD28-ligand with approximately 20-fold higher affinity than CD28. A soluble form of the extracellular domain of CTLA-4 has been shown to bind CD28-ligand with high avidity and to suppress T-cell-dependent antibody responses in vivo. Large doses of this soluble protein also suppress responses to a second immunization. CTLA-4 is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.
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